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Between Zionism and Assimilation

During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, a great debate was underway about the various ways of being Jewish.

Some Jews advocated a traditional lifestyle, others opted for cultural assimilation while maintaining their own religion; others promoted the creation of a Jewish state in the Middle East.
The range of views and choices is best illustrated by the biographies of specific individuals.

Included here are several examples of Jews from Poland whose lives took them in completely different directions. These biographies demonstrate the great variety of social and political visions that existed, as well as Jews' cultural coexistence with old Europe.
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Artists and Writers
 - Samuel Josef Agnon
 - Miriam Akavia
 - Ida Fink
 - Henryk Grynberg
 - Mela Muter
 - Abraham Neuman
 - Isaac Leib Peretz
 - Bruno Schulz
Between Zionism and Assimilation
 - Szymon Aszkenazy
Industrialists, Pioneers in Business
 - Jan Bogumil Bloch
 - Natan Glucksberg
 - Leopold Kronenberg
 - Maurycy Orgelbrand
 - Samuel Orgelbrand
 - Szmul Zbytkower
Rabbis and Tzaddikim
 - Juda Liw Ben Bekalela
 - Chafetz Chaim
 - Moses Isserles
 - Asher ben Jechiel
 - Icchak ben Meir Lewi
 - Elimelech of Lezajsk
 - Moses Maimonides
 - Dov Ber of Mezritch
 - Moses ben Nachman
 - Nachman ben Simcha
 - Elijah ben Solomon
 - Baal Shem Tov
Scholars
 - Zygmunt Bauman
 - Aleksander Hertz
Tragedy of the Twentieth Century
 - Wiktor Alter
 - Wladyslaw Bartoszewski
 - Adam Czerniakow
 - Marek Edelman
 - Jakub Herman
 - Jan Karski
 - Janusz Korczak
 - Witold Pilecki
 - Emmanuel Ringelblum
 - Chaim Rumkowski
 - Jozef Szajna

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Adam Mickiewicz Institute, Wiejska 12a, 00-490 Warsaw tel. (48-22) 44 76 100, fax. (48-22) 44 76 152; www.iam.pl